Plant names

Scientific name: Crocus sativus L.
Syn: Crocus cartwrightianus Herb., Crocus graecus Helder.
Generic name: Stigma Croci
English names: Saffron, True Saffron, Dye Saffron, Crocus.
Farsi names: Zaeferan.
Arabic names: Al- Zaeferan, Kroko.


Plant specification

Plant family: Iridaceae.
Organs Used: Stigma.
Type of active substance: Saffron contains several plant-derived chemical compounds. The saffron stigma compose several essential volatile oils, but the most important of them is safranal which gives saffron its pleasant flavor. Saffron has many non-volatile active components; the most important of them is α-crocin, that a carotenoid compound. Saffron also contains other carotenoids, including zeaxanthin, lycopene, α- and ß-carotenes. Saffron is an excellent source of minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, selenium, zinc and magnesium.
Saffron health benefits: The active components present in saffron have many therapeutic applications in many traditional medicines since a long time as anti-spasmodic, carminative, diaphoretic. Research studies have shown that safranal has antioxidant, cytotoxic effect on cancer cells, anticonvulsant and antidepressant properties. The α-crocin, has been found to have antioxidant, antidepressant, and anti-cancer properties. These are important antioxidants that help protect the human body from oxidant-induced stress, cancers, infections and acts as immune modulators.

Geographic Distribution: Saffron is indigenous to the Mediterranean – Europe and Western Asia (Iran and Iraq) regions. Currently, Iran has the highest production and exports of saffron in the world.


Saffron export

Saffron export are easily done by us. contact us.

Exporter of Medicinal Plants in IranMaleki Commercial Co
Phone 989025791893+