Scientific name: Crocus sativus L.
Syn: Crocus cartwrightianus Herb., Crocus graecus Helder.
Generic name: Stigma Croci
English names: Saffron, True Saffron, Dye Saffron, Crocus.
Farsi names: Zaeferan.
Arabic names: Al- Zaeferan, Kroko.
Plant family: Iridaceae.
Organs Used: Stigma.
Type of active substance: Saffron contains several plant-derived chemical compounds. The saffron stigma compose several essential volatile oils, but the most important of them is safranal which gives saffron its pleasant flavor. Saffron has many non-volatile active components; the most important of them is α-crocin, that a carotenoid compound. Saffron also contains other carotenoids, including zeaxanthin, lycopene, α- and ß-carotenes. Saffron is an excellent source of minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, selenium, zinc and magnesium.
Saffron health benefits: The active components present in saffron have many therapeutic applications in many traditional medicines since a long time as anti-spasmodic, carminative, diaphoretic. Research studies have shown that safranal has antioxidant, cytotoxic effect on cancer cells, anticonvulsant and antidepressant properties. The α-crocin, has been found to have antioxidant, antidepressant, and anti-cancer properties. These are important antioxidants that help protect the human body from oxidant-induced stress, cancers, infections and acts as immune modulators.
Geographic Distribution: Saffron is indigenous to the Mediterranean – Europe and Western Asia (Iran and Iraq) regions. Currently, Iran has the highest production and exports of saffron in the world.
Saffron export are easily done by us. contact us.
|Exporter of Medicinal Plants in Iran||Maleki Commercial Co|