A resinous asafoetida gum , which is collected from a plant, called Ferula- Asafoetida through cutting
Asafoetida gum botanical properties
A herbaceous hairy plant, basal and pinnate leaves 30-35 cm long and 15-25 cm wide, fleshy and thick roots and the gum is stored in the stems.
There are many species within this native and extraordinary plant. One of which named as sweet ferula or Haltit tayeb (Assa Dulcis) and is known in Iran traditional medicine as Anjadan tayeb.
The other species, which is called bitter Asafoetida and known as Anjadan siah or Anquze koma in tradition medicine, is collected from bitter ferula species and smells very bad.
The amount of Asafoetida gum per bush is 60 grams.
Ferula L. species
Ferula Alliacea Boiss.
Ferula Assa- Foetida L.
Ferula Badrakema Kos- Pol.
Ferula Tabassensis Rech F.
Ferula Serpentinica Rech F.
Ferula Behboudiana (Rech. F. & Esfand) Cham Berlain
Ferula Hirtella Boiss
Ferula Kashanica Rech. F.
Ferula Orientalis L.
Ferula Ovina (Boiss.) Boiss.
Ferula Persica Wild.
Pariz Mountain Ferula
Ferula Pseudoalliacea Rech. F.
Ferula Schtschurowskiana Regel & Schmalh.
Ferula Rigidula DC.
Hezar masjed Ferula
Ferula Latisecta Rech .F. Aell.
Ferula Lutensis Rech. F.
Ferula Microcolea (Boiss) Boiss.
Ferula oopoda (Boiss. & Buhse) Boiss.
Ferula Macrocolea Boiss.
Lalesar, Badghys Ferula
Ferula Badghysi Korov.
Ferula Hezar- Lalesarensis
Ferula Diversivittata Regel & Schmalh.
Binaloud, Badbezan Ferula
Ferula Flabelliloba Rech. F. & Aell.
Bunge (Baghlat Ferula)
Ferula Foetida (Bunge) Regel.
Jandagh Ferula (sweet and bitter Ferula)
Ferula Gabrielli Rech. F.
Ferula Gumosa Boiss.
Angion Ferula (Sarorzi)
Ferula Haussknechtii Wolff Ex Rech. F.
Seyed hajodin Ferula
Ferula Szowitsiana DC.
Ferula Stenocarpa Boiss. & Hausskn
Ferula Sphenobasis C.C. Towsend.
Ferula Sharifii Rech. F. & Esfand.
Ferula is native to Iran and grows in Iran and parts of Afghanistan.
Distribution in Iran
In desert central parts, Zagros heights in Fars, Kerman, Yazd, Isfahan, Kohkilooye va Boyer Ahmad and Sistan va Baluchestan, Bushehr, Damghan, Sabzevar and Shahrood.
Environmental conditions for Asafoetida growth
It grows in sandy unplanted lands with gypsum composition in warm regions with 1900-2400 meters above sea level and plains with 250-350 mm rainfall.
Essential oil composition
Asafoetida essential oil is a pure liquid colorless or bright yellow to brown with strong bad odor.
Asafoetida essential oil contain sulfur-bearing compounds, of which 65% is comprised of butyl propenil disulfides.
Other compounds are as follows: beta pinnene, alpha pinnene, careen, cis-ocimen and alpha holmon.
The essential oil is collected via water vapor distillation method.
Medicinal and therapeutically properties of Asafoetida
- Bronchitis remedy
- Asthma and pertussis treatment
- Digestive disorders remedy
- Sex appetite enhancer
Asafoetida gum price in Iran
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Biggest Asafoetida supplier in Iran
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Biggest Ferula exporter in Iran and over the world
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