The therapeutic effects of Asafoetida are disinfectant and the root of has arazinotanol, ferulic acid, and gum containing tannin.
The root of the plant F. asa foetida contains arazinotanol, ferulic acid, essential oil, pinene, azolene, mucilage, basorin, and etc. There is a large amount of tannin (about 60%) and about 20% gum and from 5 to 4% of the essential oil in the gum. In some tear samples, the essential oil content is up to 15%. The Asafoetida essential oilis yellow with a sharp smell of garlic odor. The odor is due to the presence of sulfur compounds that forms more than 50% of the essential oil.Medicinal uses and applications: The most important therapeutic effects of Asafoetida are: anti-adhesion of the platelets, antiseptic, anti-spasm, analgesic, allergic, antitumor, sexual enhancer, digestive, diuretic, sputum, fungicide, laxative, blood pressure lowering, respiratory stimulus and is a stomach enhancer, stimulant and augmentor of the womb and crease. It is also used as a spice in food and cosmetics industries.The leaves are anti-crease, anti-digestive disorders and septive, and anti-fever. It has been treated with vinegar and used for abortion. Asafoetida is also used in the treatment of asthma, pertussis, respiration, and bovine plague.